Issue #002, Winter, 2019 ISSN: 2581- 9410IntroductionIndia is a land of rich cultural heritage with artistic traditions that date back five thousand years. Antiquities of all periods, made by hand, are preserved in diverse locations including temples, private collections, archaeological sites and museums. While each organisation has its own significance, this essay considers the importance of museums, their role as public institutions and contribution to sustaining cultural heritage, addressing, in particular, the work of the Department of Decorative Arts (DA) at the National Museum of India (NM). The National Museum of IndiaA key activity of the museum is to collect and preserve antiquities and also to disseminate knowledge of the past. In common with other museums around the world, the National Museum of India (NM) works constantly towards to these goals. Following the recommendation of the International Council of Museums (ICOM) in 2016, to work for society and its development, and an express commitment to ensuring the conservation and protection of cultural remains, it has focused on three main objectives of museology, which are: collection, conservation and communication. The NM has a collection of around two hundred thousand artefacts, the management of which has been divided into departments: Pre-history; Archaeology; Painting; Numismatics and Epigraphy; Manuscripts; Decorative Arts; Arms and Armour; Anthropology; Central Asian Antiquities; and Pre-Columbian and Western Art. Each department has at least one or more permanent galleries that are open to the public, displaying selected artefacts related to the theme and subject of that depar...
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