Crafts, Handlooms, Art

Saora: Folk Painting of Odisha

Rawat, Bhawana

Folk paintings are pictorial expressions of village painters which are marked by the subjects chosen from epics like Ramayana and Mahabharata, Hindu `Purana`s as well as daily village life, birds and animals and natural objects like sun, moon, plants and trees. The color used extend from a vast range of vivid vibrant colors to subdued low hues, mainly derived from the natural material, while papers, cloth, leaves, earthen pots, stone and mud walls are used as canvas. Folk paintings are so variable from region to region dependant on various factors including the availability of material in different area. In arid Rajasthan the colors in the folk painting are vibrant and lustrous, painters in colorful Bengal seem to search for relief in sober subdued tones. Artists in Orissa pick out palm leaves for painting. While the women of north India found the whitewashed walls a setting for their colorful paintings, while Oriya artists choose red-clayed wall for white and black paintings. Saura (also spelled as Saora) are one of the tribal communities of Orissa. The Saora painting is a traditional folk art of the “Saura” tribe of Orissa. They are adept in art, painting and craft. Their well known Saora paintings are fascinating among the people of India. Saora paintings are done to please the Gods and the ancestors. These drawings are also made for averting disease, promoting fertility, festive occasions, in honor of their deceased and for ceremonial functions. Often, the artist painting on the village walls are directed by dreams and moments of enlightenment. Some of th...
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